The Four Purusharthas: Kama

The Third Aim: Kama As our investigation of the Purusharthas continues, we come to the third aim, Kama, which means “longing”, “wish”, or “desire.” Kama pertains to the enjoyment of life and needs to be in balance with Dharma (duty)...

The Four Purusharthas: Artha

The Second Aim: Artha The second Purushartha or aim of human existence as described in the Vedic texts is Artha, which means “wealth”, “means” or “goal” in Sanskrit. Artha is kept in check by Dharma. The Purursharthas are not to be...

The Four Purusharthas: Dharma

The First Aim: Dharma The regulating moral principles of the Universe are described in the ancient Vedic texts to be the four Purusharthas, ususally translated as “aims of human existence”. Specifically, they are defined as Dharma (duty), Artha (wealth),...